Did you know that over 45% of adults suffer from some form of gum disease? This widespread condition can lead to significant oral health issues if ignored. Dive into our latest blog post to uncover the causes of gum disease and discover actionable strategies to prevent it, ensuring your smile stays healthy and bright.


Gum disease, a condition that affects the gums and can lead to serious dental issues, is surprisingly common, impacting over 45% of adults in some form. This significant oral health problem, if left untreated, can escalate from simple gum inflammation to severe damage to the tissue and bone supporting the teeth. Understanding what gum disease is, its causes, and preventive measures is essential for maintaining oral health.

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a condition that affects the gum tissues and, if severe, can harm the jawbone that supports your teeth. It starts as gingivitis, characterized by red, swollen gums that might bleed when you brush or floss. If not treated, gingivitis can advance to periodontitis, where gums pull away from the teeth, forming spaces (called “pockets”) that become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. Without treatment, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed, potentially leading to tooth loss.

Causes of Gum Disease

Gum disease is primarily caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. If not removed through daily brushing and flossing, plaque can build up and the bacteria can infect not only your gums and teeth but eventually the gum tissue and bone that support the teeth. Here are the primary causes:

  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Not brushing or flossing regularly allows plaque to build up and harden, leading to gum disease.
  • Smoking and Tobacco Use: Smoking is strongly associated with the onset of gum disease. Not only does it affect the attachment of bone and soft tissue to your teeth, but it also decreases the effectiveness of some treatments.
  • Hormonal Changes: Such changes, especially in women and girls, can make gums more sensitive and more vulnerable to gum disease.
  • Diabetes: People with diabetes are at higher risk of developing infections, including gum disease.
  • Other Risk Factors: These include genetic susceptibility, certain medications that cause dry mouth, and illnesses affecting the immune system.

Preventing Gum Disease

Preventing gum disease involves several straightforward, yet critical steps:

  1. Maintain Good Oral Hygiene: Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and floss daily.
  2. Visit Your Dentist Regularly: Professional cleanings are the only way to remove tartar, which traps bacteria along the gum line.
  3. Quit Smoking: Eliminating tobacco use helps improve your oral health overall.
  4. Eat a Balanced Diet: A diet high in vegetables and low in sugary foods and drinks can help keep your gums healthy.
  5. Manage Health Conditions: Conditions like diabetes should be closely managed to lower the risk of developing gum disease.


Gum disease is a preventable and manageable condition with the right care and attention to your oral health. At Bath Spa Dentistry, we are committed to providing you with the best care and guidance to ensure your smile remains bright and healthy. Remember, early detection and treatment are key to combating gum disease. Schedule your next dental checkup with us today, and let’s keep your smile healthy together!